top of page

Primary Election March 2024

DECIDE

Ranked Choice Voting

The Basics

What is Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) and why is it used?

A system where voters choose their first- , second-, third-, fourth- and fifth-choice candidates for each office. It eliminates the cost and time needed for run-off elections.

How long has RCV been used in Oakland?

It was implemented starting in the 2010 Elections.

Other Details

What if I rank the same candidate multiple times? 

Your ranked vote will only count once per candidate, so it is the same as leaving the choices blank.

Need more information? 

Go to acvote.org/voting/rcv

How Does It Work?

Round 1 of Vote Count

 

If a candidate receives more than 50% of the first-choice votes, that candidate is declared the winner. 

Round 2 of Vote Count

 

If there is no winner from Round 1:

  • First, the candidate with the fewest
    first-choice votes is eliminated from the count

  • Second, the voters whose votes were eliminated have their second-choice votes added to the count

  • If any candidate now has more than 50% of the counted votes, that candidate is declared the winner

Rounds 3 to 5 of Vote Count

If there is no winner from from Round 2, a similar elimination and counting continues until one candidate receives over 50% of the counted votes.

To reiterate...

  • 2nd choice counted, only if 1st choice eliminated

  • 3nd choice counted, only if 1st & 2nd choice eliminated

  • 4th choice counted, only if 1st, 2nd, & 3rd choice eliminated

  • 5th choice counted, only if 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th choice eliminated

Ranked Choice
bottom of page